Confined low-frequency radiation from femtosecond filaments in gases
Date/Time: 16:30 04-Aug-2014
Confined low-frequency radiation
from femtosecond filaments in gases
O.G. Kosareva1, N.A. Panov1, D.E.Shipilo1, V.A. Andreeva1, A.B.Savel?ev1, L. Berge2, and S.L.Chin3
1Department of Physics and International Laser Center, Lomonosov Moscow State University,
119991, Moscow, Russia
2CEA, DAM, DIF, 91297 Arpajon cedex, France
3Centre d?optique, photonique et laser and Departement de physique, Universite Laval, G1K7P4, Quebec, Canada
An extended femtosecond filament is a nonlinear light structure, which can emit a continuum of frequencies as well as quasi-isolated pulses in certain spectral ranges [1-4]. If there is a seed created by means of optical parametric amplifier or other techniques, the conversion efficiency to the desired spectral range can be increased significantly . The specific case is the dual-frequency (800 nm and 400 nm) interaction in the gaseous filament leading to an efficient production of terahertz pulses [6-8]. However, the major part of terahertz radiation from filaments diverges forming a ring in the far-field . The degree of divergence of the newly formed frequencies is crucially important for applications including a distant object inspection.
In this paper we use a unidirectional pulse propagation equation model  to study numerically the intensity growth, spectral content and spatial divergence of quasi?isolated pulses generated by extended femtosecond filaments in gases. All the newly-created frequencies are generated self-consistently in the course of propagation with the resolution of 0.25 THz. We demonstrate that the major reason for the on-axis propagation of the quasi-isolated pulse centered in the vicinity of 900-1000 nm is the third-order nonlinearity of neutral molecules. The THz pulse at 1-5 THz frequency originates from the free electron photocurrent and propagates in the cone surrounding the filament. We numerically obtained the spectrum from terahertz to the 3d harmonic of 800 nm initial pump pulse due to the dual-frequency interaction in argon filament. The initial 800 nm pump pulse has 3.2 mJ energy and 50 fs duration; the initial second harmonic energy is 10 mJ.
We acknowledge support from RFBR (12-02-01368, 12-02-33029), the Council of RF President for Support of Young Scientists (N5996.2012.2), RF President grant for Leading Scientific Schools (NSh-3796.2014.2) Dynasty Foundation, and CEA-France.
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